Wood plays a fundamental role in the Human House philosophy: its structural characteristics make it a building material that is advantageous and extremely valid, able to meet every need in terms of sustainability and habitability. In our projects, we use the most advanced types of structural wood (XLAM), using them in full compliance with national and EU regulations in terms of seismicity, hygiene and acoustics.
The wood used to build the house is a good thermal insulation: the thermal conductivity coefficient is in fact much lower than cement, steel or bricks, while the resistance to high temperatures is very high when compared to the same materials.
The external walls of the wooden houses have a resistance to heat transfer equivalent to that of a brick wall with a thickness of about 80cm.
Thanks to reduced energy consumption during the winter, wood generates heating costs up to 70/80% lower compared to a house made with other materials.
Lamellar wood (XLAM) and wood fibre are among the most important and performing components for achieving optimal energy efficiency.
The extremely low weight gives the wood a series of advantages hardly ever found in other materials: from the manageability during the different construction phases – a factor able to reduce the construction time – to great flexibility and ease of assembly. In fact assembly is entirely dry, through the use of mechanical connections such as screws, nails and bolts, and is in turn extremely fast.
Thanks to its elasticity and its lightness, wood gives the buildings a high degree of stability and resistance to seismic events.
The numerous tests carried out on wooden structures, in some cases simulating considerably high shocks, have underlined how the reduced specific weight (four times lower than reinforced concrete) enables supporting a decidedly lower stress in the event of an earthquake.
Contrary to common beliefs, wood is able to effectively withstand large fires: its composition causes a carbonization of the external structure that, in fact, creates a real protective “shell” that remains static and does not collapse on itself. Moreover, the mechanical characteristics remain almost unaltered up to temperatures of about 100/120°C.
Wood is renewable and recyclable; it consumes very little energy in the production and installation phases, it does not release any emissions, dust or harmful fibres during use and can be disposed of without polluting, returning its stored energy. In addition, it is able to absorb excess moisture and then release it when the air is dry, helping to improve the air quality. It is excellent insulation in terms of noise, constituting an adequate barrier to noise pollution.